Some people might hear “psoriasis” and think about the skin disease that leads to itchy, scaly rashes and crumbling nails. It’s correct; psoriasis is an autoimmune disease that mainly affects the skin. But nearly 30% of people with psoriasis also acquire a form of inflammatory arthritis known as psoriatic arthritis (PsA). Similar to psoriasis, PsA is an autoimmune disease, occuring when the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks healthy tissue, in this case, the joints and skin. The faulty immune response leads to inflammation that triggers stiffness, joint pain, and swelling. The inflammation can impact the whole body and may cause permanent joint and tissue damage if not treated quickly and aggressively. Fortunately, CBD helps with this condition and serves to protect the tissues besides lowering pain and inflammation.
What Is Psoriatic Arthritis?
Psoriatic arthritis leads to inflammation in and near the joints. It generally affects people already have psoriasis, a skin condition that causes a red, scaly rash, particularly on the knees, elbows, buttocks, back, and scalp. However, few people develop arthritic symptoms prior to psoriasis, while others will never develop the skin condition.
Psoriasis can impact people of all ages; male as well as female, though psoriatic arthritis tends to affect more adults than young people.
People with psoriasis may also have other kinds of arthritis, like osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis, but these aren’t associated with psoriasis.
Causes Of Psoriatic Arthritis
We still do not know everything that occurs inside the body to lead to psoriatic arthritis. It is known that psoriatic arthritis is an autoimmune disease like psoriasis. When a person has an autoimmune disease, the body mistakes itself as a foreign object; in the case of psoriatic arthritis, the body mistakes tendons and joints as foreign.
Like psoriasis, psoriatic arthritis also involves your:
- Immune system
Symptoms Of Psoriatic Arthritis
PSA can develop gradually with mild symptoms or it can develop rapidly and be severe – every case is different. Early recognition, diagnosis, and treatment of psoriatic arthritis are key in avoiding or limiting extensive joint damage that happens in the later stages of the disease. Some may develop PsA in a joint after an injury (which may seem to be a cartilage tear).
The common symptoms of psoriatic arthritis are:
- Swollen fingers and toes similar to sausages
- Tenderness, swelling, and pain over tendons
- Stiffness, pain, swelling, throbbing, and tenderness in one or more joints
- Morning stiffness and tiredness
- Decreased range of motion
- Redness and pain of the eye (uveitis)
- Nail alterations – for instance, the nail separates from the nail bed or becomes pitted, mimicking fungus infections
Having a serious case of psoriasis does not necessarily mean you will have a severe case of psoriatic arthritis.
How CBD Can Be Effective Against Psoriatic Arthritis
CBD could significantly alleviate your symptoms of psoriatic arthritis. These may include psoriatic rashes, neurological pain, inflammatory pain, and insomnia.
Helps To Curb Inflammation
How exactly CBD works to treat psoriatic arthritis is still unclear. CBD reduces oxidative stress, which causes inflammation and is considered to be an imbalance between free radicals and antioxidants in your tissues.
By lowering oxidative stress, CBD appears to reduce the effect of inflammation without directly restricting the action of your immune system. CBD also appears to have its own immunotherapeutic effects, which means that it may promote the general health of your immune system.
A study that involved giving CBD gels of 4 different strengths to rats with induced arthritis over 4 consecutive days discovered that the CBD gel significantly reduced joint inflammation, Moreover, there was no alteration in “exploratory behaviour” which shows a limited effect on higher brain function – hardly a surprise since CBD is non-intoxicating.
Functions As A Natural Analgesic
CBD provides relief in chronic, neuropathic along with nociceptive pain as it interacts with different receptors and ion channels within the endocannabinoid system. For instance, CBD attaches to TRPV1 receptors that operate as ion channels and is recognized for mediating pain sensitivity, inflammation and body temperature.
CBD also helps to alleviate pain in a big way by preserving Anandamide – an endogenous body cannabinoid also known as the bliss molecule. CBD on accessing the endocannabinoid system stops anandamide from breaking up too rapidly, by joining proteins that break down this bliss molecule. Thus, CBD aids anandamide to stay in the system longer, which allows the ECS to regulate pain more effectively.
Acts As Antiviral And Antibacterial Agent
CBD exerts potent antibacterial, antifungal, and antiviral effects. This cannabinoid kills streptococci and staphylococci. Research displays that CBD also kills the methicillin-resistant strain of Staphylococcus aureus or MRSA. CBD is also shown to alter the bacterial cell wall, just like conventional antibiotics. This stops their growth and propagation and aids with psoriatic arthritis.
CBD’s association with our ECS is fascinating and may explain why it is upheld as an effective painkiller by a growing number of users. Researchers hold that Cannabidiol could impact receptors in the brain and immune system, leading to lowered pain and inflammation. Further research is needed before CBD can be advocated to treat conditions like psoriatic arthritis. Therefore, prior to taking the CBD route it is extremely essential to consult with your main physician.